Residential School Locations


It is difficult to place an exact figure on the number of residential schools to which Aboriginal people have been sent in Canada. While religious orders had been operating such schools before Confederation in 1867, it was not the 1880s that the federal government fully embraced the residential school model for Aboriginal education. While the government began to close the schools in the 1970s, the last school remained in operation until 1996.

For purposes of providing compensation to former students the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools. (Despite the fact that the agreement is titled the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, the lives of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people were all touched by these schools.) This does not represent the full number of residential schools that operated in Canada. In particular, it excludes any school that operated without federal government support. There were residential schools that were run solely religious orders or provincial governments (or in some partnership between the two.) Furthermore, many of the concerns that have been raised about residential schools in terms of the treatment of students have also been raised about day schools that were operated for Aboriginal students with the support of the federal and provincial governments as well as by religious organizations.

Schools identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement

Under the terms of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement students from the following schools are eligible to apply for compensation. There is an appeals process and schools can be added to list. Information on schools added at the list can be found at Indian and Northern Affairs Canada: Aboriginal Schools: Frequently Asked Questions. This map, prepared by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, indicates the location of residential schools identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement.

Many of the schools underwent a number of name changes and were also relocated or amalgamated. The following is a listing of the schools in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement along with the names of schools that have been subsequently identified as meeting the criteria established in the agreement. The words in brackets represent alternate names of the schools. The locations for the schools have been taken from the compensation program applications form.

School names

Location

Alberta Residential Schools

 

Assumption (Hay Lakes)

Assumption

Blue Quills (Saddle Lake , Sacred Heart, formerly Lac la Biche)

St. Paul

Crowfoot  (St. Joseph's, St. Trinité)

Cluny

Desmarais (Wabisca Lake , St. Martins, Wabisca Roman Catholic)

Desmarais-Wabasca

Edmonton (Poundmaker, formerly Red Deer Industrial)

St. Albert

Ermineskin

Hobbema

Fort Vermilion (St. Henry's)

Fort Vermillion

Grouard  (St. Bernard's, Lesser Slave Lake Roman Catholic)

Grouard

Holy Angels (Fort Chipewyan , École des Saints-Anges)

Fort Chipewyan

Joussard IRS (St. Bruno's)

Joussard

Lac la Biche (Notre Dame des Victoire, predecessor to Blue Quills)

Lac La Biche

Lesser Slave Lake (St. Peter's)

Lesser Slave Lake

Morley (Stony)

Morley

Old Sun

Gleichen

Sacred Heart (Brocket)

Brocket

St. Albert (Youville)

Youville

St. Augustine (Smoky River)

Smoky River

St. Cyprian’s (Queen Victoria’s Jubilee Home, Peigan)

Brocket

St. Joseph's Residential School (High River , Dunbow)

High River

St. Mary's (Blood, Immaculate Conception)

Cardston

St. Paul's (Blood, Anglican/Church of England)

Cardston

Sarcee (St. Barnabas)

T’suu Tina

Sturgeon Lake (Calais, St. Francis Xavier)

Calais

Wabasca Anglican/Church of England (St. John's)

Wabasca

Whitefish Lake (St. Andrew's)

Whitefish Lake

 

 

British Columbia Residential Schools

 

Ahousat

Ahousat

Alberni IRS

Port Alberni

Anahim Lake Dormitory (September 1968 to June 1977)

Anahim Lake

Cariboo (St. Joseph's, William's Lake)

Williams Lake

Christie (Clayquot, Kakawis)

Tofino

Coqualeetza

Chilliwack/Sardis

Cranbrook (St. Eugene's, Kootenay)

Cranbrook

Kamloops

Kamloops

Kitimaat

Kitimaat

Kuper Island

Kuper Island

Lejac (Fraser Lake)

Fraser Lake

Lower Post

Lower Post

Port Simpson (Crosby Home for Girls)

Port Simpson

St. George's (Lytton)

Lytton

St. Mary's (Mission)

Mission

St. Michael's (Alert Bay Girls' Home, Alert Bay Boys' Home)

Alert Bay

St. Paul's IRS (Squamish, North Vancouver)

North Vancouver

Sechelt Residential School

Sechelt

 

 

Manitoba Residential Schools

 

Assiniboia (Winnipeg)

Winnipeg

Birtle

Birtle

Brandon

Brandon

Churchill Vocational Centre

Churchill

Cross Lake (St. Joseph's, Jack River Annex – predecessor to Notre Dame Hostel)

Cross Lake

Dauphin (McKay)

The Pas/Dauphin

Elkhorn (Washakada)

Elkhorn

Fort Alexander (Pine Falls)

Fort Alexander

Guy (Guy Hill, Clearwater, The Pas, formerly Sturgeon Landing, SK)

The Pas

 

 

Norway House United Church

Norway House

Notre Dame Hostel (Norway House Roman Catholic, Jack River Hostel, replaced Jack River Annex at Cross Lake)

Norway House

Pine Creek (Camperville)

Camperville

Portage la Prairie

Portage la Prairie

Sandy Bay

Marius

 

 

Northwest Territories Residential Schools

 

Akaitcho Hall (Yellowknife Vocational School)

Yellowknife

Aklavik Roman Catholic (Immaculate Conception)

Aklavik

Aklavik Anglican (All Saints)

Aklavik

Deh Cho Hall (Lapointe Hall)

Fort Simpson

Federal Hostel at Fort Franklin

Fort Franklin

Fort McPherson (Fleming Hall)

Fort McPherson

Fort Providence Boarding Home (Sacred Heart)

Fort Providence

Fort Resolution Residence (St. Joseph's)

Fort Resolution

Fort Simpson Anglican (Bompas Hall)

Fort Simpson

Fort Simpson Roman Catholic (Lapointe Hall)

Fort Simpson

Fort Smith (Breynat Hall)

Fort Smith

Fort Smith (Grandin College)

Fort Smith

Hay River (St. Peter's)

Hay River

Inuvik Roman Catholic (Grollier Hall)

Inuvik

Inuvik Anglican Hostel (Stringer Hall)

Inuvik

 

 

Nova Scotia Residential Schools

 

Shubenacadie

Shubenacadie

 

 

Nunavut Residential Schools

 

Chesterfield Inlet (Turquetil Hall)

Chesterfield Inlet

Coppermine (Tent Hostel)

Coppermine

Federal Hostel at Baker Lake/Qamani'tuaq

Qamani'tuaq/ Qamanittuaq

Federal Hostel at Belcher Islands

Sanikiluaq

Federal Hostel at Broughton Island/Qikiqtarjuaq

Qikiqtarjuaq

Federal Hostel at Cambridge Bay

Cambridge Bay

Federal Hostel at Cape Dorset/Kinngait

Kinngait

Federal Hostel at Eskimo Point/Arviat

Arviat

Federal Hostel at Frobisher Bay (Ukkivik)

Iqaluit

Federal Hostel at Igloolik/Iglulik

Igloolik/Iglulik

Federal Hostel at Lake Harbour

Kimmirut

Federal Hostel at Pangnirtung (Pangnirtang)

Pangnirtung/Panniqtuuq

Federal Hostel at Pond Inlet/Mittimatalik

Mittimatalik

 

 

Ontario Residential Schools

 

Bishop Horden Hall (Moose Fort, Moose Factory)

Moose Factory Island

Cecilia Jeffrey (Kenora, Shoal Lake)

Kenora

Chapleau (St. John’s)

Chapleau

Cristal Lake

Northwestern Ontario

Fort Frances (St. Margaret's)

Fort Frances

Fort William (St. Joseph's)

Fort William

McIntosh

McIntosh

Mohawk Institute

Brantford

Mount Elgin (Muncey, St. Thomas)

Munceytown

Pelican Lake (Pelican Falls)

Sioux Lookout

Poplar Hill

Poplar Hill

St. Anne's (Fort Albany)

Fort Albany

St. Mary's (Kenora, St. Anthony's)

Kenora

Shingwauk

Sault Ste. Marie

Spanish Boys' School (Charles Garnier, St. Joseph's, formerly Wikwemikong Industrial)

Spanish

Spanish Girls' School (St. Joseph's, St. Peter's, St. Anne's, formerly Wikwemikong Industrial)

Spanish

Stirland Lake (Wahbon Bay Academy)

Stirland Lake

 

 

Québec Residential Schools

 

Amos (St. Marc-de-Figuery)

Amos

Fort George (St. Phillip's)

Fort George

Fort George (St. Joseph's Mission, Residence Couture, Sainte-Thérèse-de-l’Énfant- Jésus)

Fort George

Federal Hostel at George River

Kangirsualujjuaq

Federal Hostel at Great Whale River (Poste-de-la-Baleine, Kuujjaraapik)

Kuujjuaraapik / Whapmagoostui

Mistassini Hostels

Mistassini

Federal Hostel at Payne Bay (Bellin)

Kangirsuk

Federal Hostel at Port Harrison (Inoucdjouac, Innoucdouac)

Inukjuak

La Tuque

La Tuque

Point Bleue

Point Bleue

Sept-Îles (Seven Islands , Notre Dame, Maliotenam)

Sept-Îles

 

 

Saskatchewan Residential Schools

 

Battleford

Battleford

Beauval (Lac la Plonge)

Beauval

Cote Improved Federal Day School , for the period September 1928 to June 1940

Kamsack

Crowstand

Kamsack

File Hills

Balcarres

Fort Pelly

Fort Pelly

Gordon's

Gordon’s Reserve, Punnichy

Lac La Ronge (see Prince Albert)

La Ronge (Later transferred to Prince Albert)

Lebret (Qu'Appelle, Whitecalf, St. Paul's High School)

Lebret

Marieval (Cowesess, Crooked Lake)

Grayson

Muscowequan (Lestock, Touchwood)

Lestock

Onion Lake Anglican (see Prince Albert)

Onion Lake (Later transferred to Prince Albert)

Prince Albert (Onion Lake Church of England , St. Alban's, All Saints, St. Barnabas, Lac La Ronge)

Prince Albert

Regina

Regina

Round Lake

Stockholm

St. Anthony's (Onion Lake Roman Catholic)

Onion Lake 

St. Michael's (Duck Lake)

Duck Lake

St. Phillip's

Kamsack

Sturgeon Landing (Predecessor to Guy Hill, Manitoba)

Sturgeon Landing

Thunderchild (Delmas)

Delmas

 

 

Yukon Residential Schools

 

Carcross (Chooulta)

Carcross

Coudert Hall (Whitehorse Hostel/Student Residence – Predecessor to Yukon Hall)

Whitehorse

St. Paul's Hostel (September 1920 to June 1943)

Dawson City

Shingle Point (Predecessor to All Saints, Aklavik)

Shingle Point

Whitehorse Baptist Mission

Whitehorse

Yukon Hall (Whitehorse/Protestant Hostel)

Whitehorse